The Bible is so very clearly God’s divinely inspired revelation. No man or group of men could have painted a picture so intricately woven to display his glory. In this case, I give a cursory overview of the parallels surrounding two epochs of redemptive history. Passover and the Lord’s supper. One precedes escape from the bondage of physical slavery, the other precedes escape from spiritual slavery (always be mindful that the spiritual affects the material). Not much fluff the rest of the way. It’s short and (hopefully) sweet. Buckle up.
“And their dead bodies will lie in the street of the great city that symbolically is called Sodom and Egypt, where their Lord was crucified.” Revelation 11:8
“Then I heard another voice from heaven saying, “Come out of her, my people, lest you take part in her sins, lest you share in her plagues” Revelation 18:4
“When Israel was a child, I loved him, and out of Egypt I called my son.”
In the Old Testament, God’s “Son” Israel came out of slavery in Egypt. In the New Testament, this verse is quoted and applied in a different manor:
“Now when they had departed, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said, “Rise, take the child and his mother, and flee to Egypt, and remain there until I tell you, for Herod is about to search for the child, to destroy him.”And he rose and took the child and his mother by night and departed to Egypt and remained there until the death of Herod. This was to fulfill what the Lord had spoken by the prophet, “Out of Egypt I called my son.”
Notice Jesus is said to be fulling this prophecy from Hosea 11:1 when he FLEES Jerusalem which is referred to as “Egypt”. In the New Testament, God’s Son came “out of Egypt” which covenantally had become apostate Jerusalem and its rulers.
THE PASSOVER AND EGYPT
Passover meal >>> Follows after the ruler Pharaoh attempts to kill all Hebrew sons in an attempt to prevent God’s people from supplanting his reign. It precedes exodus from slavery under the rulers in Egypt at the behest of a mediator prophesying judgement (Angel of death, destruction of Pharaoh and his army) and the promised inheritance of the physical promised land and rest from physical slavery.
Egyptian Ruler’s Infanticidal Attack on the sons of Israel:
Now there arose a new king over Egypt, who did not know Joseph. And he said to his people, “Behold, the people of Israel are too many and too mighty for us…Then the king of Egypt said to the Hebrew midwives, one of whom was named Shiphrah and the other Puah, “When you serve as midwife to the Hebrew women and see them on the birthstool, if it is a son, you shall kill him, but if it is a daughter, she shall live.” – Exodus 1:15-16Exodus 1:8ff
Slavery in Egypt:
“So they ruthlessly made the people of Israel work as slaves. and made their lives bitter with hard service, in mortar and brick, and in all kinds of work in the field. In all their work they ruthlessly made them work as slaves.” Exodus 1:13-14
“Therefore they set taskmasters over them to afflict them with heavy burdens.” Exodus 1:11
Egyptian slavemaster confronted by a Mediator speaking on behalf of the enslaved:
“So Moses and Aaron went in to Pharaoh and said to him, “Thus says the LORD, the God of the Hebrews, ‘How long will you refuse to humble yourself before me? Let my people go, that they may serve me.” Exodus 10:3
Prophet proclaims judgement upon Egypt:
Say therefore to the people of Israel, ‘I am the LORD, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will deliver you from slavery to them, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great acts of judgment. Exodus 6:6
Now I want to remind you, although you once fully knew it, that Jesus, who saved a people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed those who did not believe. – Jude 1:5
I will bring you into the land that I swore to give to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob. I will give it to you for a possession. I am the LORD.'” – Exodus 6:8
THE LORD’S SUPPER AND JERUSALEM
The Lord’s supper (1st observed on Passover) >>> Follows after the ruler Herod attempts to kill all Jewish sons in an attempt to prevent God’s son from supplanting his reign. It precedes exodus from slavery under the rulers of Jerusalem at the behest of a mediator prophesying judgement (destruction of Jerusalem – which had become an antitype of Old Testament Egypt) and the promised inheritance of the spiritual promised land and rest from slavery.
Jerusalem Ruler’s Infanticidal attack on Hebrew sons:
Then Herod, when he saw that he had been tricked by the wise men, became furious, and he sent and killed all the male children in Bethlehem and in all that region who were two years old or under, according to the time that he had ascertained from the wise men. – Matthew 2:16
Slavery in Jerusalem, Covenantal Egypt:
Mediator confronts the ruling enslavers:
“But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you shut the kingdom of heaven in people’s faces. For you neither enter yourselves nor allow those who would enter to go in.” Matthew 23:13
Prophet proclaims judgement upon Jerusalem and its enslaving rulers, covenantal Egypt:
“Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! … You serpents, you brood of vipers, how are you to escape being sentenced to hell? Therefore I send you prophets and wise men and scribes, some of whom you will kill and crucify, and some you will flog in your synagogues and persecute from town to town, so that on you may come all the righteous blood shed on earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah the son of Barachiah, whom you murdered between the sanctuary and the altar. Truly, I say to you, all these things will come upon this generation. – Matthew 23:29ff
“But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation has come near. Then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains, and let those who are inside the city depart, and let not those who are out in the country enter it, for these are days of vengeance, to fulfill all that is written. – Luke 21:20-22
“Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth. – Matthew 5:5
And everyone who has left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or children or lands, for my name’s sake, will receive a hundredfold and will inherit eternal life. – Matthew 19:29
“In him we have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to the purpose of him who works all things according to the counsel of his will, so that we who were the first to hope in Christ might be to the praise of his glory. In him you also, when you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation, and believed in him, were sealed with the promised Holy Spirit, who is the guarantee of our inheritance until we acquire possession of it, to the praise of his glory.” Ephesians 1:11-14